His accounts are therefore unlikely to have been obtained second hand. It became famous throughout Europe. Naturally, they also longed to see their native Venice and their families again.
Polo wrote of five-masted ships, when archaeological excavations found that the ships in fact had only three masts. Then he travelled across Asia getting as far as Beijing. Although he knew little or no Chinese, he did speak some of the many languages then used in East Asia—most probably Turkish in its Coman dialect as spoken among the Mongols, Arabized Persian, Uighur Uygurand perhaps Mongol.
Haeger argued the Marco Polo might not have visited Southern China due to the lack of details in his description of southern Chinese cities compared to northern ones, while Herbert Franke also raised the possibility that Marco Polo might not have been to China at all, and wondered if he might have based his accounts on Persian sources due to his use of Persian expressions.
Haw argued that the Great Walls were built to keep out northern invaders, whereas the ruling dynasty during Marco Polo's visit were those very northern invaders. His claim is confirmed by a Chinese text of the 14th century explaining how a Sogdian named Mar-Sargis from Samarkand founded six Nestorian Christian churches there in addition to one in Hangzhou during the second half of the 13th century.
A heavily annotated copy of Polo's book was among the belongings of Columbus. There, an envoy from the Levant invited them to meet Kublai Khanwho had never met Europeans. The tradition is that Polo dictated the book to a romance writer, Rustichello da Pisawhile in prison in Genoa between — Haw however argued that many of the "omissions" could be explained.
His family were well-known merchants, not explorers. It is also largely free of the gross errors in other accounts such as those given by the Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta who had confused the Yellow River with the Grand Canal and other waterways, and believed A description of the travels of marco polo by marco polo porcelain was made from coal.
Those whose employment is to hunt them observe the track by which they are most frequently accustomed to go, and fix into the ground several pieces of wood, armed with sharp iron spikes, which they cover with sand in such a manner as not to be perceptible. The Index offers quick access to unfamiliar names, subjects and locations discussed in the book.
The published version was written by Rustichello da Pisa, based on what Polo had told him. At Kierman, on the eastern confines of Persia, Marco sees the manufacture of steel and products in which steel is used. The elder Polos were probably employed in some technical capacity.
The Mongol rulers whom Polo served also controlled territories both north and south of today's wall, and would have no reasons to maintain any fortifications that may have remained there from the earlier dynasties. Legacy[ edit ] The Travels was a rare popular success in an era before printing.
Seal of the Mongol ruler Ghazan in a letter to Pope Boniface VIIIwith an inscription in Chinese seal script Omissions Skeptics have long wondered if Marco Polo wrote his book based on hearsay, with some pointing to omissions about noteworthy practices and structures of China as well as the lack of details on some places in his book.
A year later, they went to Ukek  and continued to Bukhara. The following year, he married Donata Badoer, with whom he would have three daughters. Latham works several texts together to make a readable whole.
Unfortunately, as soon as they left the Mongol dominions and set foot in a Christian country, at Trebizond in what is now Turkey, they were robbed of most of their hard-won earnings. See Article History Marco Polo, born c. For example, Odoric of Pordenone said that the Yangtze river flows through the land of pygmies only three spans high and gave other fanciful tales, while Giovanni da Pian del Carpine spoke of "wild men, who do not speak at all and have no joints in their legs", monsters who looked like women but whose menfolk were dogs, and other equally fantastic accounts.
Compilation of Il milione Soon after his return to Venice, Polo was taken prisoner by the Genoese —great rivals of the Venetians at sea—during a skirmish or battle in the Mediterranean. For example, when visiting Zhenjiang in JiangsuChina, Marco Polo noted that a large number of Christian churches had been built there.
For example, Odoric of Pordenone said that the Yangtze river flows through the land of pygmies only three spans high and gave other fanciful tales, while Giovanni da Pian del Carpine spoke of "wild men, who do not speak at all and have no joints in their legs", monsters who looked like women but whose menfolk were dogs, and other equally fantastic accounts.
Frontispiece depicting Marco Polo, from an early printed edition in German of his travels. Marco does not claim any very exalted position for himself in the Yuan empire. He starts his first mission as a young lad of seventeen after arriving at the court with his father Niccolo and uncle Maffeo.
The extent of their success and the specific roles they filled, however, remains an open question. The Karaunas of the region learn the diabolical art of producing darkness in order to obscure their approach to caravans they intend to rob.
The narrator of these tales is Rustichello of Pisa who claims this book describes the "great wonders and curiosities" of many territories including Armenia, Persia, Tartars, India and other land that Marco Polo sees with his own eyes.Marco Polo’s Travels Along the Silk Road Two years later, Niccolò and Maffeo sailed to Acre in present-day Israel, this time with Marco at their side.
At the request of Kublai Khan, they secured some holy oil from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and then backtracked to Acre to pick up gifts, papal documents and two friars from newly.
Sep 12, · Marco Polo’s Travels Along the Silk Road Marco Polo in Venice Marco Polo () was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire.
as told to Rusticiano da Pisa and edited by Francis R, Gemma; originally titled A DESCRIPTION OF THE WORLD Type of Work: Autobiographical. In the Footsteps of Marco Polo () is a PBS documentary about two friends (Denis Belliveau and Francis O'Donnell) who conceived of the ultimate road trip to retrace Marco Polo's journey from Venice to China via land and sea.
Many historians and scientists wrote about their observations of dragons. In A.D. the explorer, Marco Polo, recorded a detailed description of dragons in China. The travels of Marco Polo from Venice to Asia opened up a whole new world to Europeans.
The story of his journey influenced mapmakers and.Download