On the death of Mazarin, in MarchLouis assumed personal control of the reins of government and astonished his court by declaring that he would rule without a chief minister: Jean-Guillaume Benemann Jean-Guillaume Benemann, another German ebeniste, was making furniture for the Court by and became maitre of the guild in the following year.
It finally unhinged Vatel.
Oebenwho arrived in Paris in the late s and became a pupil of C. Praising his ability to choose and encourage men of talent, the historian Chateaubriand noted: The bergere, for instance, introduced during the Regency, was an armchair with a deep seat and comfortable upholstery, and cushions on which one could half-recline in luxury, which, with the addition of a stool or stools on which to rest the legs, became something very close to a duchesse brisee.
However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquetthe Superintendent of Financesin order to give Colbert a free hand. This was a step toward equality before the law and toward sound public finance, but so many concessions and exemptions were won by nobles and bourgeois that the reform lost much of its value.
It was widely employed in furniture manufacture, for musical instruments, for the decoration of carriages and sedan chairs, and even for such small objects as etuis and snuff-boxes. He possessed no fewer than twenty cabinets, described as having columns of lapis lazuli, jasper, and amethyst outlined with gold, inlays of ivory and tortoiseshell, and mounts of gilt-bronze.
Carved and gilt wood, an especially prominent feature of decoration under Louis Quatorze, hardly calls for explanation. Her odyssey from adulteress to Sister Louise de la Misericorde was hailed a moral miracle, an indictment of the immorality reigning in Versailles.
The accotoirs of early Louis Seize chairs are usually curved backwards, but towards the end of the period they often become straight. The taille was reduced at first; financial officials were forced to keep regular accounts, auctioning certain taxes instead of selling them privately to a favored few, revising inventories and removing unauthorized exemptions for example, in only 10 per cent from the royal domain reached the King.
Menuiserie or Ebenisterie During the 16th century furniture was the province of the menuisier who worked in solid wood. The familiar English desk flanked by pedestals of drawers supporting the top on either side of a knee-hole is comparatively rare in French furniture, although it occurs occasionally.
Also, in the same year, the English captured Gibraltar in a combined naval-land operation.
The expandable table of ebenisterie, into which leaves could be inserted in the English manner, did not come into use until quite late in the 18th century. Those of the King were even more sumptuous. They later apologised for their mistake. Berry was the only member of the family thought to be able to beget children.
Covering was of the richest materials, including brocade, satin, damask, velvet, tapestry, the piled fabric of the Savonnerie carpet factory, silk, embroidery, and, on the least important examples, moquette or serge.
In foreign affairs, the young Louis XIV launched the War of Devolution against the Spanish Netherlands, claiming that those provinces had "devolved" by succession to his Spanish wife rather than to her half brother Charles II, who had inherited the Spanish crown.
But Louis thought that was too kind. In we find the duchesse d'Orleans using it in a letter and describing the object for the benefit of her correspondent as 'a large table with two large drawers'.Setting in motion events that would ultimately bring his nation to military and fiscal ruin-and his dynasty to a bloody end-Louis XIV also established France as the preeminent and, to this day, unchallenged seat of high culture in Europe.
Louis XIV inherited the French throne at age 5, and his mother Anne appointed the Cardinal Mazarin as regent until he was of age.
The Advisors of the Sun King Louis XIV had two main advisors. Jean-Baptise Colbert, his financial advisor, and Marquis de Louvois, his war advisor. War of Spanish. When Henriette (Henriette of England, first wife of Philippe d'Orleans, Louis XIV's brother) died, a "place" was indeed vacant (Louis' remark -"There is a place vacant"- has become famous), French diplomacy cast about to find a suitable princess.
'The Taking of Power by Louis XIV' concerns the short period of time between the death of Cardinal Mazerin - the real power behind the French throne - and when the.
Louis XIV's only surviving legitimate grandson Philip V was not included in the line of succession due to having renounced the French throne after the war of the Spanish succession which lasted for 14 years after the death of Charles II of Spain in Father: Louis XIII of France.
Louis XIV was born on 5 September in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, to Louis XIII and Anne of agronumericus.com was named Louis Dieudonné (Louis the God-given) and bore the traditional title of French heirs apparent: Dauphin.
At the time of his birth, his parents had been married for 23 years.Download